International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
The Fiji Red Cross Society is part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Recognized as the world’s largest humanitarian network, the movement endeavors to prevent and alleviate human suffering particularly during times of disaster and conflicts.
The Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is made up of three parts;
- International Committee of Red Cross (ICRC)
- International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
- National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. There are 191 National Societies around the world, including the Fiji Red Cross Society
The International Committee of Red Cross (ICRC)
The International Committee of Red Cross is an impartial, neutral and independent organization whose exclusive humanitarian mission is to protect the lives and dignity of victims of wars and internal violence and to provide them with assistance. It directs and coordinates the international relief activities conducted by the Movement in situations of conflict.
The ICRC also endeavors to prevent suffering by promoting and strengthening humanitarian law and universal humanitarian principles. Established in 1863, the ICRC is at the origin of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is a global humanitarian organization which coordinates and directs international assistance following natural and man man-made disasters in non- conflict situations. Its mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity.
The IFRC works with the National Societies in responding to disasters around the world. Its relief operations are combined with development work, including disaster preparedness programmes, health and care activities and the promotion of humanitarian values.
The IFRC promotes cooperation between National Societies and works to strengthen their capacity to carry out effective disaster preparedness, health and social programmes.
National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Most countries around the world have a National Society or Red Crescent Society. Each Society is made up of individuals from their local community. National Societies have a responsibility to help vulnerable people within their own boarders, particularly in times of disaster and to strengthen international humanitarian law and principles.